Running Nigeria On Generators

Last week we discussed the issue of the pathetic existential situation of a majority of Nigerians on both the rural and urban areas of  Nigeria, and we ended up appealing in this column to president Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and his team of Economic experts to put in place sustainable and permanent economic measures, policies and programmes to alleviate the untold suffering and deprivations faced by nearly eighty five (85) percent Nigerians.

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If I thought I was going to get fovourable response from both President Umaru Yar’Adua and even the common people, I was dead wrong. Why?

First, as soon as the LEADERSHIP Newspaper of last week Friday (23rd January, 2009) hit the News Stands across the country, a steady stream of reactions flowed freely into my mail box and telephone sets.

Do you know what? Majority of the readers who responded told me emphatically that they no longer repose any hope or trust on President Yar’Adua and his team of Economists to put in place workable economic measures to revive our moribund economy. I will return to the reaction of the people of Nigeria but before then let me state that on the side of president Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and his core loyalists, they did not care a hoot about the appeal in my column to His Excellency.

You may be wondering how I knew that the presidency is completely non-responsive to our clarion call on the Government to rescue the citizenry that are largely afflicted by poverty. On the day that piece came out, the entire house hold of president Umaru Musa Yar’Adua were engaged in very extensive merry making and celebration because one of the president’s most beautiful and charming daughters- Nafisa was given out in high profile society wedding to the All Nigerian Peoples Party’s Governor of Bauchi State. Key loyalists of president Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, his numerous lackeys, bootlickers, sycophants and hangers- on were ferociously engaged in sponsoring numerous colourful Newspaper advertorials – similar to the media merry go- round that has become part of the style of Governance of most states and especially Imo State. Virtually all the state Governors have been transformed to huge civilian dictators in their own right. President Yar’Adua’s favored friends took up elaborate newspaper advertisements to congratulate the first family on the wedding of one of his daughters. So, the question of whether anyone in the presidency will heed to our clarion call for the activation of an effective economic rescue package for the millions of the heavily impoverished Nigerians does not arise since the political elites were engaged in feasting and celebrating the wedding of President Yar’Adua’s daughter to Governor of Bauchi State Alhaji Isa Yuguda. Governors and the president are busy celebrating their daughters’ weddings while the rest of us are wallowing in an unmitigated poverty- stricken situation.

On the side of the ordinary Nigerians who responded to the intervention carried in this column, I will publish just two out of the over one hundred responses I got because they are all basically saying one thing and passing a definite vote of no confidence on the current administration.

Amos Ejimonye who wrote in from Kaduna said: “No, there is nothing Yar’Adua can do in a class to protect the rights of the oppressed. Why? Because the party has vowed to maintain the socio-economic system that supports exploitation and oppression of the people by the class in power, what the oppressed can do is to overthrow and build a new society with no exploiters or exploited”. Shehu Sani, the Civil Rights Activist, also text me his reaction thus; “Umaru can’t rule Nigeria; He is sick, inexperienced, weak, slow, unidirectional, indecisive, unfocussed, uncharismatic, colourlesly, boring and truant.

“This is not the kind of leader our nation needs at this time… a leader that can electrify our conscience with his zeal, agility and sincerity of purpose and spark up our patriotism and energy by his tact, swiftness and visible developmental projects is what we need”. In as much I acknowledge that human beings are prone to varying degrees of illnesses and therefore no one should be cajoled on the ground of his illness but I agree with the submissions substantially made by these respondents and in compliance with section 39 of the 1999 constitution, I think they are wholly and entirely entitled to these opinions.

Section 39 (1) states that; “every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference.”

Sadly, just as Nigerians are yet to come to terms with the hard fact that the federal Government is reportedly set to spend a whooping sum of N2 billion naira in the 2009 budget to buy generators to power Government activities even while the rest of us exist in total darkness due to the criminal erratic power supply situation in Nigeria, Vanguard Newspaper of Monday 26th January 2009 came up with a shocking revelation as made by the highly influential Manufacturers Association of Nigeria that 60 million Nigerians are now proud owners of generators.

The Vanguard Newspaper’s story has it that; “an estimated 60 million Nigerians now own power generating sets for their electricity, while the same number of people spend a staggering #1.56 trillion ($13.35 million USD) to fuel them annually”.

The vanguard report attributed the story to the Chairman of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Imo, Abia States’ Branch Dr. Frank Jacobs

This sad tale of underdevelopment goes to show that more Nigerians will die this year from the poisonous effects of generator fumes and other carbon monoxide chemicals unless something very urgent is done by all stakeholders to mitigate the environmental damage and hazards that these pollution will unleash on the Nigerian climate.

Can somebody tell the amiable and humble Minister of Environment, Mr. John Odey, to please help Nigerians before we all die from air pollutions from generators. Nigeria can not run on generators if we ever hope to join the rest of the industrialised World or if we ever hope to realize some of the key Millennium Development Goals by 2015.

At the 17th Session of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Industry held in Cairo, Egypt, on June 21st 2006, Africans were told that only industrialisation can rescue Africans from mass poverty.

The fact remains that Nigeria and other African nations will never become industrialised if majority of the economic activities are run on generators.

Xinhua, the official Chinese News Agency reported on January 27 2007 that;

“If Africa is to achieve economic development, industrialisation would have to be at the top of the development agenda, and the continent’s natural resources must also be managed, exploited and processed efficiently, according to a report adopted at the 10th Ordinary Session of African Union’s Executive Council”.

“The report was made at the 17th Session of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Industry, which was held in Cairo on June 21, 2006, awaiting the consideration and adoption at the ordinary session ahead of the African Union summit which will fell on January 29 to 30 on the following year”.

‘In the report, the African ministers of industry took stock of the weakness of industrial capacities of the continent, the rather low level of industrial competitiveness, and the state of domestic and direct foreign investment in the sector”.

“They also mentioned the rather weak quality and standard of the local products, the insufficient capacities and capabilities for the participation of the continent in international trade, and the weak synergies between production and trade”.

“The Ministers noted in the report that Africa faces a multitude of other challenges such as migration, the AIDS pandemic, malaria, TB, the deterioration in the utilisation of installed production capacities, worsening poverty, the rural-urban drift, low-skill levels, environmental degradation, sources for youth employment, energy insecurity, food insecurity and as well as conflicts”.

“They reaffirmed the role of political leadership of the African Union in achieving the goals set in the various industrial development programs at the sub-regional and regional levels while being determined to mobilise and make available resources and other required inputs to improve on inadequacies in the physical infrastructure and to eliminate constraints that weigh upon the offer, and to ensure respect for technical standards”.

“the ministers also requested that such technical assistance must ensure careful consideration of the sub-regional priorities and policies as defined by the regional economic communities, and are committed to establishing mechanisms for partnership with the international community, including fostering cooperation with other developing countries to secure additional technical and financial resources, exchange of information and experience for the implementation of programmes”.

“Since agriculture was the mainstay of most African economies, agro-based industrialisation had to be at the core of their development agenda, suggested by the experts”.

These recommendations are germane and must be implemented.

•Emmanuel Onwubiko heads the Human Rights Writers’ Association of Nigeria

Judiciary Urged To Quicken Trial Of Cases

The Nigeria Prisons Service (NPS) yesterdayin Abuja, appealed to the judiciary to speed up hearing of cases to reduce the number of persons awaiting trial in prisons.

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Malam Kabir Funtua, the Deputy Controller of Prisons in charge of Prison in Kuje area council of the FCT, made the appeal in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN).

Funtua said that prisons were overflowing with people awaiting trial, pointing out that convicted inmates were in the minority.

He said: “In Kuje Prison, we have 598 inmates out of which 505 are awaiting trial.

“The problem is with the courts; they ask us to keep the inmates and we cannot refuse.

“If the judiciary will speed up their trial, we will have less inmates in our prisons and the problem of congestion will not be there.”

The DCP said that Kuje Prison had capacity for 555 inmates but was now accommodating 598 inmates.

He, however, said the inmates were fully occupied as they were being taught various trades that would aid their rehabilitation on discharge.

He explained:“ We have workshops for carpentry, tailoring, laundry, block molding and soap making industry in the prison premises.

“The inmates are fully occupied with learning these trades while they are here because we have discovered that it will be of great help in their after-care service and rehabilitation.

“In our after-care service, when an inmate is discharged, he is given some tools to start the trade learnt in the prison.

“We supervise them for two years to ensure that they are stablised before we eventually leave them to themselves.”

According to him, some NGOs, especially the Catholic Church, have been of great help in the after-care service.

“ The church donates sewing machines and some other materials, which we give to inmates to start their businesses when they are discharged,” he added. (NAN)

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Ado Bayero Destroys Porn Films, TV Games

The Emir of Kano, Alhaji (Dr.) Ado Bayero yesterday destroyed pornographic films, posters and TV games worth millions of naira.

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The emir performed the destruction of the films during a ceremony held at the Magistrate Court situated within the Malam Aminu Kano International Airport (MAKIA). The exercise was carried out in accordance with the power conferred on the chief magistrate of the mobile court, Chief Magistrate Mukhtari Ahmed by section 97d, sub-section 2 of Kano State censorship law 2001 in metagraphy and licenses, censorship regulation 2001.

Addressing the gathering, the Emir of Kano, Alhaji (Dr.) Ado Bayero commended the effort of the state government to fight against indecency, saying that the destruction of the pornographic films and its related items would assist greatly toward the eradication of deviance among the people , particularly the youth who he described as the leaders of tomorrow.

He assured that Kano Emirate will continue to support and cooperate with the state government to fight every corrupt practices with a view to sanitising the society, and urged the youth in the state to desist from participating in activities that would tarnish the image of their religion and culture.

Speaking earlier, the Director General of the state Censorship Board, Alhaji Abubakar Rabo explained that the essence of the destruction of the films, posters and the games is in order to fight leud acts, and also to complement international and national laws restraining people from accessing anything pornographic be it electronic or print.

He added that the occasion is the fifth time the state government is conducting such exercise. He appealed to the people of the state to desist from accessing anything pornographic, because according to him, the state censorship only intends to establish a clean Kano environment.

Rabo added that the Censorship Board has embarked on mass enlightenment and education of the general public on the issue, saying already a law has been introduced throughout the state on restricting under 18’s from entering viewing centres, while liaison officers have also been assigned for biographs with a view to sanitising film patronage in the state.

He thanked the Emir for complementing government’s effort toward banning pornography, TV games and other obscene materials in society.


FCTA To Partner Kaduna State, Private Sector On Abuja Railway Devt

The FCT Administration is to Partner with the Kaduna State government and the Organised Private Sector on railway development within the Federal Capital Territory and the neighbouring states. The FCT Minister, Senator Mohammed Adamu Aliero made this disclosure yesterday while receiving the Kaduna State Governor, Architect Mohammed Namadi Sambo who paid him a courtesy visit. The Minister remarked that the rail project connecting the Federal Capital Territory and Kaduna State would be given attention because the project would ease transportation problem between the two important cities. According to him, the FCT Administration would give the needed support to the development of railway in order to improve transportation of goods into Abuja as one of the greatest construction sites in Africa.

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Senator Aliero reiterated that rail development would not only help in the eradication of the perennial traffic congestion in the Federal Capital City but would also assist enhance the transportation of agricultural products into the city. The Minister emphasised that if rail transportation is re-activated in the country, it would not only reduce accidents on the roads but also reduce huge amount of money spent on road construction and rehabilitation. He enjoined other state governments in the federation to consider partnering with the Federal Government in order to get the ailing rail transportation system back on track for the benefit of all Nigerians. Senator Aliero assured that the Abuja light rail project would be a reality because “the FCT Administration is committed to achieving it”; noting that even the National Assembly is favourably disposed to seeing it realised as over N16 billion has been earmarked for the project in both the National and FCT 2009 budget.

“The FCT Administration is committed to the project because it would add value to economic development, not only to the Federal Capital Territory but the entire nation”, he said. The Minister praised the efforts of the Kaduna State government in revitalising the Kaduna state railway lines and urged other states to emulate the good work of Governor Sambo. Speaking earlier, the Kaduna State Governor, Architect Namadi Sambo congratulated Senator Aliero over his appointment as the FCT Minister; saying that his antecedent in Kebbi State remains unequalled.The Governor urged him to continue to serve the humanity by putting in his best in the service to his fatherland. He said plans have been concluded to enhance the development of Kaduna state by constructing ‘Kaduna Millennium City’ comprising ten districts which design had already been completed. He, therefore, called on investors to partner with the State. Governor Sambo appealed to the FCT Administration to assist the state with expertise to fasttrack the development of the new Kaduna Millennium City Project.

Rights Group Condemns Nigeria’s Gift To Myanmar Junta

Human Rights Writers’ Association of Nigeria (HURIWA), a Non-Governmental Organisation, on Monday, carpeted the Federal Government for the recent reported gift of a whooping sum of $500,000 to the military regime in Myanmar (former Burma). The group demanded an immediate explanation from the President, Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’Adua to Nigerians and the sack of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Ojo Maduekwe, for what it called total breach of several pro-democracy sections of the 1999 Constitution, including Nigeria’s foreign policy objectives enshrined in section 19 of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

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Specifically, a national daily quoting a reliable United Nations-affiliated news journal recently reported that Nigeria, through her permanent representative to the United Nations, Professor Joy Ogwu, had on December 23, 2008, handed over in cash the handsome sum of $500,000 to the Myanmar’s military government’s representative for the purposes of what the Nigeria’s envoy calls ‘our support for the relief effort following the May 2008 Cyclone Nargis’. The newpaper report has it that an order from Abuja had directed the Nigeria’s envoy to the United Nations not to pass the fund through the normal UN’s International Disaster Relief Assistance Fund established for the provision of relief materials to the victims of the Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar but to pass it in hard currency directly to the Myanmar’s military government’s envoy to the UN. This process has been widely criticised in the United Nations cycle because it is in breach of the universally acceptable standard of transparency and accountability on the part of the receiving regime especially when feedback is not required.

HURIWA, in a media release endorsed and made available to journalists by its National Coordinator, Comrade Emmanuel Onwubiko, upbraided the Federal Government of Nigeria for on one hand condenming the recent military junta that illegally took over power in the West African Nation of Guinea Conakry while at the same time funding the World’s most dreaded military dictatorships led by General Thian Shwe in Myanmar which is guilty of grave human rights violations of the civil political rights of her citizens.

The Rights Group demanded apology from the President of the Federal Republic for this show of total disrespect for the democratic disposition of Nigerian citizens and for violating the Nigerian constitution which frowns against offering any form of support to any military regimes in any part of the world because the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria recognises Democracy as the best and most acceptable form of government in compliance with sections 1 and 2 of the 1999 Constitution.

Faulting the decision of the Federal Government to directly hand over hard currency of that collossal sum to a representative of a military junta reputed for being one of the world’s most oppressive and repressive regimes in the world, the Rights Group stated that the approach adopted by the Nigerian government has sent wrong signals to the international community that Nigeria is not committed to the promotion of world peace and the growth of democracy around the globe.

HURIWA noted the foreign policy objectives of the Federal Republic of Nigeria which harps on the need for the government to associate itself with international measures that are aimed at the promotion of international cooperation for the consolidation of universal peace and mutual respect among all nations and the elimination of discrimination in all its manifestations as enshrined in section 19 of the 1999 constitution of Nigeria. The group asserted that the donation of hard currency directly to the Myanmar’s regime that is not accountable and transparent to its citizenry is a direct way of offering active support for the sustenance of totalitarianism in that country just as it called on the Federal Government to dismiss the Foreign Minister for his role in this unfortunate foreign policy blunder. HURIWA called on all organised civil society groups in the country to demand an explanation from the president and to actively seek the removal of the Minister of Foreign Affairs for his show of incompetence and double speak.

Are We Really The Giant Of Africa?

I have just returned from a vacation in South Africa that saw me traversing Johannesburg, Cape Town and the magical Sun City. South Africa is a First World country built by the whites but which has been maintained, improved and constantly renewed by the black ANC-controlled government since 1994. They were lucky to have had Nelson Mandela as the first post-apartheid black president and not Robert Mugabe or Olusegun Obasanjo. Mandela who once declared that “courageous people do not fear forgiving” laid a rock-solid nationalist foundation based on the principles of true democracy, predicated on free and fair elections, rule of law and justice. He insisted on spending only one term as a sacrifice for the growth of democracy and statecraft in the country he loves so much. That is why when the man (or to him, the boy) he groomed to succeed him got too close to Obasanjo and in the process picked up a few bad manners and wanted to remain in power and reckoning beyond his brief, he was humbled at his party’s convention and subsequently thrown out as the nation’s president. And everything was done according to the rule of law and due process.

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There are still crimes and hooliganism in the country. In fact, South Africa is renowned for its violent crimes, but the difference with Nigeria is that you could see the government spending sleepless nights trying to solve the problem. These days, there are installed cameras and CCTVs everywhere, especially in the crime-infested areas, to spot criminals. And, in more than 90% of cases, those who perpetrate crimes are apprehended. Robbers and assassins are taken into custody almost on a daily basis. In Nigeria, a serving minister of justice was assassinated seven years ago but, as I write, the authorities are not even looking for the criminals. Bola Ige is only one of numerous examples. There are also the cases of Sa’adatu Rimi, Marshal Harry, Aminosoari Dikibo and a host of others. Maybe, another difference between the reality of crime in Nigeria and South Africa is that the people that are supposed to be searching for and apprehending criminals are the same people that are perpetrating the crimes.

Another thing. There is no large water source in Johannesburg, so the city sources its water supply from a neighbouring country. In spite of that, all the taps gush with water with the kind of pressure that we in Nigeria can only imagine. There are no potholes at all on any of their roads, and, everywhere you go, there are ongoing new projects. Less than two years ago, the government decided to build a new rail line. By June this year, it will be completed and you see the efforts to complete it everywhere you go. They are constructing larger and more sophisticated stadia – bigger than the disposal one Obasanjo built in Abuja, but at even less the cost. They are constructing the stadia in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban, and you see work going on day and night. There are no abandoned projects in South Africa and contractors are not owed.

And, as we all know, a black majority government has been in place for 15 years. Since then, the economy has grown exponentially so much so that the Rand, the local currency, has not only maintained its convertibility, it has even become stronger. Their priority in education is covetable. Less than two weeks ago, the results of their secondary school certificate exams were released and the entire country has been engrossed with the progress or otherwise that their leaders of tomorrow are making. Newspapers and TV stations are discussing the results on a daily basis. They are currently busy assessing the performance of their children in critical subjects like Mathematics and the sciences. As a Nigerian onlooker, I was both impressed and depressed. Impressed at the purposefulness of a fellow African country, and depressed that my country has not even enlisted in the global race for the future.

A few weeks ago, South Africa’s minister of health was ill and had to seek medical attention, but she dared not attend her regular private hospital much less travel to Germany or Saudi Arabia for treatment. In Nigeria, the president travels out on a regular basis to seek medical attention in hospitals in foreign countries without the slightest courtesy of even informing Nigerians. Meanwhile, all the public hospitals in Nigeria have now become places people only go to die. And why not? For almost one year last year, the nation had no minister of health.

In South Africa, every day you read the newspapers you see how the government is frantically responding to the global financial crisis. Nigeria is doing nothing because those in power are living under the self-delusion that Nigeria is “not affected by the crisis”. Meanwhile, the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) has all but collapsed.

But all that does not even begin to explain why I am sad at the moment. As our aircraft made to land at the Murtala Mohammed International Airport, Lagos, at the weekend, the entire city was without power supply. And as we drove to our hotel to spend the night before leaving for Abuja the following day, only the few houses that had generators had power supply. The whole of Lagos was in pitch darkness. But that’s only the beginning of the story.

When I called my friend who had also just returned from his own vacation from, of all places, Liberia to tell him my ordeal, he was even angrier than I was. Throughout the one week he spent in Monrovia, the Liberian capital, he said, there was no power outage, even though the country had just emerged from a devastating internecine war. He said on his way back, they flew across a few African countries including Ghana, and because it was at night, they saw the glow of light bulbs in all the countries they flew across until they got to Nigeria. As they landed in Lagos, the entire city, Nigeria’s commercial capital, was without electricity.

Nigeria is probably the only country in the world that is still in pitch darkness and getting worse. And this is after Obasanjo had spent $16 billion in eight years on the sector. And, as if that was not bad enough for me, another friend who had read my column two weeks ago – where I said, “Nigeria is regressing and sinking so fast that many of us may soon be spending vacation in backwater countries like Niger Republic” – called me. He told me that I was not even current enough. He and his family had just returned from a vacation in Niger Republic where they had peace and a hell of a good time. And he added, “There was no power outage throughout the period we were there.”

That also reminded me of Col. Dangiwa Umar’s brilliant letter to former President Obasanjo a few years ago. He told Obasanjo in the letter that he travelled by land to Niger Republic via Sokoto. He knew he had left Nigeria when the road suddenly became smooth without a hint of potholes. That, of course, was after Obasanjo had spent N350 billion “constructing roads”.

The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English defines delusions of grandeur as “the belief that you are much more important than you really are”. No, Nigeria is not the giant of Africa, unless we are suffering from a classical case of delusions of grandeur. But we have what it takes to become one in the shortest possible time. We are a relatively well-educated, sophisticated and confident people. We are indisputably the intellectual hub of Africa. But we have allowed crooks and rogues to take over our commonweal for far too long. And it is not the fault of those rogue leaders. It is our collective fault. They would not be in power, if it were not with our consent.

Ogbulafor, A Symbol Of Nigeria’s Irredeemable Political Class
If you needed any proof that Nigeria’s political class was too far gone and beyond redemption, you would find one in Chief Vincent Ogbulafor’s response to the enviable Ghanaian presidential election. All the PDP chairman saw was that the defeated candidate, who by the way was the candidate of the ruling party, accepted his defeat with equanimity and did not challenge it in court. He commended that good behaviour to the Nigerian opposition, and advised them to emulate Mr Nana Akuffo-Addo and avoid the courts.

I do not believe Ogbulafor is too harebrained and too obtuse not to know why the defeated Ghanaian candidate accepted the result with such grace. But I am also glad that no one bothered to waste his time responding to the PDP chairman’s statement.

But you know what? Like Ogbulafor, I also advise politicians not to waste their time going to court again. They should fight to protect and defend their votes by land, air and sea. Politicians from other parts should go to Lagos to rent the area boys. Like Lagos has shown, the rogue politicians who rig elections only understand the language of those boys. Any politician who is not ready to go the whole hog should not even bother to contest any election in the future. Anyone who believes Yar’Adua’s electoral reform promise certainly deserves to be rigged out over and over and over again. Yar’Adua will not destroy a system of which he has been the greatest beneficiary.


Health Ministry Re-iterates Determination To Healthcare

The Minister of State for Health, Dr Aliyu Idi Hong, has reiterated his ministry’s determination to collaborate with state and local government in the country to provide quality healthcare services to Nigerians.

I have been toying with this idea of recommending to the ministry to start a vocational class for poor rural folks and train them in online trading. This will be have the desired effect of also interesting the rural students in education as computers will really help them grasp the curriculum faster and more effectively.

The youth can be trained to make at least a decent amount of money by trading on the software and they can improve their standard of living. I hope that the ministry helps me in realizing my dream. If you think that this is a viable option, kindly go to this link and sign a petition to the government. Remember, each one of us can make a difference if we are in big numbers. Thank you in advance or your help!

The minister made this known last weekend while interacting with journalists in Abuja.

He said Federal Government was committed to achieving the health Millennium Development Goals, adding that it can only be achieved when states and local governments pull out their resources and improve the level of the primary healthcare centres to provide quality and effective HealthCare delivery system.

He maintained that health is in the concurrent list of the constitution, therefore, the three tiers of government must ensure that the poor health indices in Nigeria was improved.

He stated that local governments should equip primary healthcare with the facilities required to discharge their duties, while state governments should also provide facilities and equipment to the general hospitals.

He pointed out that the Federal Government was making efforts in improving the standard of federal medical centres and teaching hospitals in the country.

While answering questions from journalists on whether the Federal Government ws interested in building more hospitals, the minister said that government would strengthen and provide high level technologies and equipment to tertiary hospitals in the country.

The minister called on the governors as well as local government chairmen, to improve and provide all the necessary equipment to the existing hospitals in the states and local governments rather than building new ones.

According to him, if primary healthcare centres are functioning effectively, treatment of malaria, typhoid fever and other common ailments cannot be taken to Federal Medical Centres.

He noted that federal medical centres and teaching hospitals could only attend to a very serious case that cannot be treated at the primary healthcare centres.

He also said that there will be training and re-training of manpower at the various levels of government for effective performance in the health sector.